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Karakorum  -  Erdene  Zuu Monastery


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Erdene Zuu Monastery

Erdene Zuu Monastery, known as the "Jewel Temple" in Mongolian, was constructed in 1585 by Prince Abdaï Khan, a Mongol leader and the grandfather of Zanabazar. It was built just outside the ruins of the Mongol Empire's capital following the adoption of Buddhism as the state religion in Mongolia.

The construction used stones from the ruins of Karakorum, and the monastery is surrounded by a wall featuring 108 stupas, a sacred number in Buddhism.

Erdene Zuu Monastery is the oldest Buddhist monastery in Mongolia and is part of UNESCO's World Heritage list in the category of "Cultural Landscape of the Orkhon Valley."

Karakorum, which means "black rock" in Mongolian, is an ancient Mongol city founded in 1235 by Ögödei, the son of Genghis Khan. It served as the capital of the empire until Kublai Khan's choice of Khanbalik (modern-day Beijing) around 1260.

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